Bitumen Emulsion

Bitumen Emulsion

Infinity Galaxy’s bitumen export completes with its commitment to meet a variety of industry’s requirements. Bitumen emulsion is a chemical combination of bitumen and water which is highly used as a waterproofing material.

Bitumen Emulsion Advantages

Since bitumen emulsions are made up of water, and the volatile substance is water-based, there would have no effect on the environment and human health. Besides, bitumen emulsions are energy efficient since there is no need to heat them. This product is beneficiary to waterproofing and coating in road construction. Convenient transportation, economic efficiency, and safety at work are the main advantages of this product when it comes to asphalt specialists. Moreover, this grade of bitumen is particularly suitable for humid and rainy weather.

Bitumen Emulsion Composition

Since this combination of water and bitumen would be a two-phased solution, there should be an emulsifier to break the molecules of the two substances. In other words, emulsions are kept in a special condition and are blended continuously in the reactor. As a result, bitumen emulsion becomes a liquid form of bitumen including 3 elements which are about 40% water and 60% bitumen and emulsifier. Two bitumen emulsion classifications based on Surface and Setting time are as below:

Surface
1) Anionic Bitumen Emulsion
2) Cationic Bitumen Emulsion

Setting Time
1) Rapid Setting Time (RS)
2) Medium Setting Time (MS)
3) Slow Setting Time (SS)

Note 1: Setting means the time that takes for bitumen to detach from water.
Note 2: Setting time classification is based on the speed at which water evaporates and from which bitumen particles separate.

Note 3: Low viscosity emulsions improve spreadability and allow better coating of the bitumen on the surface.

 

Bitumen Emulsion Types

The standard format of bitumen emulsion in ASTM or AASHTO
As an example, in CRS-1, letter C stands for Cationic and it indicates that the sample is a cationic emulsion. In some emulsion types like SS-2h, letter C is not written. It shows that this type is an anionic one.
The next two letters as you can see above, stand for Rapid Setting.
The second letter can be R, M or S which shows the speed of evaporation and molecular detachments.
Then we move to the number which is 1 in this sample. This means that the viscosity of the emulsion is low. If the number is 2, the viscosity is high.
The last point to know is the meaning of “h” in some types of bitumen emulsion. For instance, in SS-2h, h represents that the bitumen applied in this emulsion is a hard one with the grade of 10/20 or 15/30.

SS-2h          Hard Asphalt

                   High Viscosity

                   Anionic Slow Setting

 

 CRS-1       Low Viscosity

                  Rapid Setting

                   Cationic                                                     

CSS-1
Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability test, 24-h, % 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test positive ASTM D244
Sieve test, % 0.1 ASTM D6933
Cement mixing test, % 2.0 ASTM D6935
Distillation:
Residue,% 57 ASTM D244
Tests on residue from distillation test:
Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s 100 250 ASTM D5
Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm 40 ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene, % 97.5 ASTM D2042
CSS-1h
Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability test, 24-h, % 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test positive ASTM D244
Sieve test, % 0.1 ASTM D6933
Cement mixing test, % 2.0 ASTM D6935
Distillation:
Residue,% 57 ASTM D244
Tests on residue from distillation test:
Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s 40 90 ASTM D5
Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm 40 ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene, % 97.5 ASTM D2042
CMS-2
Bitumen Emulsion CMS-2 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 50 °C, SFS 50 450 ASTM D244
Storage stability test, 24-h, % 1 ASTM D6930
Coating ability and water resistance:
Coating, dry aggregate Good ASTM D244
Coating, after spraying Fair ASTM D244
Coating, wet aggregate Fair ASTM D244
Coating, after spraying Fair ASTM D244
Particle charge test Positive ASTM D244
Sieve test, % 0.1 ASTM D6933
Distillation:
Oil distillate, by volume of emulsion, % 12 ASTM D6997
Residue, % 65 ASTM D244
Tests on residue from distillation test:
Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s 100 250 ASTM D5
Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm 40 ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene, % 97.5  ASTM D2042
CMS-2h
 Bitumen Emulsion CMS-2h Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 50 °C, SFS 40 450 ASTM D244
Storage stability test, 24-h, % 1 ASTM D6930
Coating ability and water resistance:
Coating, dry aggregate Good ASTM D244
Coating, after spraying Fair ASTM D244
Coating, wet aggregate Fair ASTM D244
Coating, after spraying Fair ASTM D244
Particle charge test Positive ASTM D244
Sieve test, % 0.1 ASTM D6933
Distillation:
Oil distillate, by volume of emulsion, % 12 ASTM D6997
Residue, % 65 ASTM D244
Tests on residue from distillation test:
Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s 40 90 ASTM D5
Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm 40 ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene, % 97.5  ASTM D2042
CRS-1
Bitumen Emulsion CRS-1 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability test, 24-h, % 1 ASTM D6930
Demulsibility, 35 mL, 0.8 % dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, % 40 ASTM D6936
Coating ability and water resistance:
Particle charge test Positive ASTM D244
Sieve test, % 0.1 ASTM D6933
Distillation : 
Oil distillate, by volume of emulsion, % 3 ASTM D6997
Residue, % 60 ASTM D244
Tests on residue from distillation test:
Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s 100 250 ASTM D5
Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm 40 ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene, % 97.5 ASTM D2042
CRS-2
Bitumen Emulsion CRS-2 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 100 400 ASTM D244
Storage stability test, 24-h, % 1 ASTM D6930
Demulsibility, 35 mL, 0.8 % dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, % 40 ASTM D6936
Coating ability and water resistance:
Particle charge test Positive ASTM D244
Sieve test, % 0.1 ASTM D6933
Distillation : 
Oil distillate, by volume of emulsion, % 3 ASTM D6997
Residue, % 65 ASTM D244
Tests on residue from distillation test:
Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s 100 250 ASTM D5
Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm 40 ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene, % 97.5 ASTM D2042
K1- 60

Definition:

as a short explanation about the written form of this type and the meanings of each character, we define them as you can read below.

First, “k” signifies a cationic emulsion, then we have the number “1” which signifies a rapid breaking type of emulsion. In the end, the last number “60” indicates the amount of bitumen in the emulsion.

Usage: Cold applied in road construction, Pavement repair

 

 Bitumen Emulsion K1-60 Specification
Property Result
Particle charge Pos.
Residue on 710 um KS sieve (%)(m/m), maximum 0.05
Residue on 150 um KS sieve (g per 100 mL), maximum 0.15
Binder content (%)(m/m), minimum 57
Viscosity  (°E) at 20°C 6-9
Viscosity redwood No. II (s at 85°C)
Storage stability (long period test) % water content difference, maximum 2
SS

Usage:  SS bituemen emulsions are mostly combined and applied with fine aggregates since the surface area is large and require time for uniform mixing.

SS-1
 Bitumen Emulsion SS-1 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity SSF, 25 °C (s) 20 100 ASTM D244
Viscosity SSF, 50 °C (s)  — ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24 h (%)   — 1 ASTM D6930
Demulcibility  , 0.02 N CaCl2 (%)  —
Cement mixing (%)  2
Sieve (%) 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue (%) 57 ASTM-D244
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Penetration 77°F (25°C) 100g,5s mm 100 200 ASTM D5
ductility, 77°F (25 °C), 5cm/min (cm) 40 ASTM D113
SS1-h
 Bitumen Emulsion SS-1h Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity SSF , 25 °C (s) 20 100 ASTM D244
Viscosity SSF, 50 °C (s)  — ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24 h (%)   — 1 ASTM D6930
Cement mixing (%)  2
Sieve (%) 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue (%) 57 ASTM-D244
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Penetration 77°F (25°C) 40 90 ASTM D5
ductility, 77°F (25 °C), 5cm/min (cm) 40 ASTM D113
RS

Usage: Road construction

RS-1
Bitumen Emulsion RS-1 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity SSF, 25 °C (s) 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Demulcibility  , 35ml, 8% dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, %  60 ASTM D6936
Particle charge test Minus  ASTM D244
Sieve (%) 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 55  — ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 100 200 ASTM D5
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40 ASTM D113
RS-2
Bitumen Emulsion RS-2 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity SSF, 25 °C (s) 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Demulcibility  , 35ml, 8% dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, %  60 ASTM D6936
Particle charge test Minus  ASTM D244
Sieve (%) 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 63  — ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 100 200 ASTM D5
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40 ASTM D113
MS

Usage: Premixing of bitumen emulsion and coarse aggregates.

MS-2
Bitumen Emulsion MS-2 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity SSF, 25 °C (s) 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test Minus  ASTM D244
Sieve (%) 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 65  — ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 100 200 ASTM D5
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40 ASTM D113
MS-2h
Bitumen Emulsion MS-2h Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity SSF, 25 °C (s) 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test Minus  ASTM D244
Sieve (%) 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 65  — ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 40 90 ASTM D5
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40 ASTM D113
HFMS-1
Bitumen Emulsion HFMS-1 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test   Minus  ASTM D6936
Sieve (%)  — 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 55 ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 100 200 ASTM D5
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40  — ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Float of residue. 60 °C (s) 1200 ASTM D139
HFMS-2
Bitumen Emulsion HFMS-2 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test   Minus  ASTM D6936
Sieve (%)  — 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 65 ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 100 200 ASTM D5
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40  — ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Float of residue. 60 °C (s) 1200 ASTM D139
HFMS-2s
Bitumen Emulsion HFMS-2s Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 50 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test   Minus  ASTM D6936
Sieve (%)  — 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 65 ASTM D244
Solvents, by volume of emulsion 1 7 ASTM D6997
Residue penetration, 25 °C 200 ASTM D5
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40  — ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Float of residue. 60 °C (s) 1200 ASTM D139
HFMS-2h
Bitumen Emulsion HFMS-2h Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test   Minus  ASTM D6936
Sieve (%)  — 0.1 ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 65 ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 40 90 ASTM D5
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40  — ASTM D113
Solubility in trichloroethylene % 97.5 ASTM D2042
Float of residue. 60 °C (s) 1200 ASTM D139
HFRS-2
Bitumen Emulsion HFRS-2 Specification
Property Min Max Test Method
Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS 20 100 ASTM D244
Storage stability, 24h (%) 1 ASTM D6930
Particle charge test   Minus  ASTM D6936
Sieve (%)  — 0.1 ASTM D6933
Demulcibility  , 35ml, 8% dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, %  60  — ASTM D6933
Residue by distillation (%) 63 ASTM D244
Residue penetration, 25 °C 100 200 ASTM D5
Residue ductility, 25 °C, 5cm/min (cm) 40  — ASTM D113
Float of residue. 60 °C (s) 1200 ASTM D139